Hey, your epidermis is showing! Remember that snarky joke from childhood? Well, as silly as it is, it’s absolutely true. Your epidermis is your outermost layer of skin, and it’s the largest organ of your body.
There are three layers of skin: The epidermis, which makes new skin cells, gives skin its pigmentation, and protects your body. The second layer is the dermis; this layer creates oil, oxygenates your skin with blood, creates feeling and nerve impulses, grows hair, and makes sweat. The final layer is subcutaneous fat; this section stores fat to protect your body, regulates body temperature, attaches the dermis to the rest of your muscles and bones, and connects blood vessels and nerves to the rest of your body.
While we all share the same three layers of skin, we all have unique skin types which require their own special attention for care. There is one piece of advice that is good for all skin types, and that is to drink plenty of water! In this blog post, I will share some general information for various skin types and suggestions for natural care, but remember, it is best to make an appointment with a licensed dermatologist to confirm medical diagnosis or treatment.
Dry Skin Type
- Characteristics: Itchy, flaky, red, tightness. Most common in mature skin.
- Suggestions: Consume Omega-3 fatty acids. Exfoliate once per week. Pamper your skin with body and face butters. Use toners without alcohol.
Oily Skin Type
- Characteristics: Large pores, thick and coarse texture, overactive oil glands – especially during warm weather or exercise, shiny appearance, greasy feeling.
- Suggestions: Use non-comedogenic skin products. Use products with natural oils – skin that is moisturized with non-comedogenic oils dissolves oil. Pamper your skin with body and face butters. Wash with soap utilizing essential oils, especially lavender, lemongrass, and tea tree.
Sensitive Skin Type
- Characteristics: Prone to breakouts, easily flares-up, allergic to many cosmetics, small pores, fine texture, broken blood vessels are evident under thinner skin layers (such as under-eye).
- Suggestions: Use skin care products that are made without fragrance. Avoid excessive sun. Use cleansers that do not have detergents.
Combination Skin Type
- Characteristics: The T-Zone (forehead, nose, and chin) are oily, but the cheeks are dry. Skin generally appears normal, and has medium-sized pores.
- Suggestions: Treat each respective skin region with the love and TLC it needs based on the type. Use a toner without alcohol.
Acne Skin Type
- Characteristics: Inflamed, tender skin. Solid, painful lumps. Clogged pores. There are multiple types of acne: acne cysts, nodules, comedones (whiteheads and blackheads), papules, or pustules.
- Suggestions: Seek professional treatment from a physician. Search for products made with tea tree essential oil and activated charcoal powder. Do not pop pimples, as tempting as it may be, all it does is introduce more bacteria into the skin. Avoid touching your face, including objects which may touch your face like a phone. Clean bedsheets often, especially pillowcases – wash them in bleach, if possible. Exfoliate with unscented sugar scrubs.
Rosacea, Psoriasis, Eczema Skin Type
- Characteristics: Rosacea is redness, flushing, sometimes bumpy flare-ups of the skin. People with fair skin tones are more inclined to have rosacea. Psoriasis is an immunodeficiency disorder which is often genetic. According to the Mayo Clinic: “Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful.” Eczema is usually an itchy, red, rash, and sometimes weeps with a little fluid.
- Suggestions: Seek professional treatment from a physician; only a doctor can diagnose these skin conditions. For each of the conditions, use products made without phthalates, parabens, or formaldehyde. For rosacea, it’s important to wear sunscreen to protect against UVA/UVB lights. For psoriasis, the opposite is true, some exposure to sunlight may ease the effects of psoriasis. Eczema is sometimes related to allergies, so trying to avoid common allergens such as dust mites, dander, stress, and pollen can help relieve symptoms. For patients with eczema, keeping skin well-moisturized with natural moisturizers may help alleviate symptoms.
Balanced Skin Type
- Characteristics: Hallelujah, girl! You hit the holy grail of skin! Balanced skin types look and feel moisturized without being oily. Small pores, occasional pimples which are not a problem (usually hormone-related), generally clear in appearance.
- Suggestions: Let’s keep your skin fabulous with handcrafted soap made especially with olive and avocado oils. Bi-weekly exfoliation with natural moisturizers.
*The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only. You are encouraged to confirm any information obtained from or through this web site with other sources, and review all information regarding any medical condition or treatment with your physician.